Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease | Dr. Alex Midtown NYC Cosmetic Dentist

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a serious condition that involves the inflammation of the tissue that surrounds the teeth. Periodontal disease is also known as gum diseases and comes in various stages. The first stage is known as gingivitis and is characterized by swollen gums that often swell and bleed. Later, gingivitis develops into periodontitis that is characterized by bone loss, receding gums, and loss of teeth. Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial infection and here are the risk factors for periodontitis.


Older people are often at a higher risk of developing periodontitis that young people. This is due to a variety of reasons. As one grows older, various conditions such as diabetes may lead to lower immunity and that susceptibility to bacterial attack. Older people might also be unable to maintain strict oral care procedures, more so if they are too old to be able to live independently. It is estimated that over 70% of senior citizens in the United States (those aged 65 and above) have periodontitis.


Smoking is linked to a variety of illnesses and periodontitis is one of those illnesses. Although the connection between the two is not well understood, it is thought that smoking causes constriction of blood vessels in the mouth and gums, making the victim more susceptible to gum disease. In addition, smoking affects the production of saliva which has anti-bacterial properties. All these factors place the smoker at risk of gum disease.


Research has established that certain people are more susceptible to gum diseases. People who have a genetic predisposition to periodontal diseases are still susceptible to the disease despite following a strict oral care regime. Experts advise that if your family has a history of gum disease, it might be wise to seek treatment even if there are no immediate symptoms. This way, interventions can be taken early enough to ward off the disease.


Stress is thought to be a risk factor of periodontal disease by affecting to bodies ability to fight off disease. With lowered immunity, people become susceptible to a variety of illnesses including periodontal disease.

Certain Medical Conditions

Various illnesses can make a person susceptible to gum disease. This includes any condition that lowers the natural immunity of the body such as AIDS and many others.


There are a variety of medication that can make it easier for you to contract gum disease. These medications include oral contraceptives, anti-depressants among others. You should always inform your dentist of any medications you are taking so that he can advise on precautions that you can take to stave off periodontitis.

Regular dental exams by an experienced dentist can help detect the onset of periodontitis. If you are looking for a dental expert in New York City to undertake dental exams, visit Dr. Alex Rubinov of New York City. Dr. Rubinov has years of experience and his practice offers first class service to all patients. Contact the practice at (718) 253-0800 for an appointment.

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